Wed, 29 October 2014

08:30 – 09:00 | Registration


09:00 – 09:15 | Welcome and Introduction
Speaker: Graham Willmott – Head of Unit, Policy and Research in Security, EC

09:15 – 09:45 | Brief presentation of the projects
Speakers: Reinhard Kreissl – Institute for the Sociology of Law and Criminology (IRISS), Joe Cannataci – University of Groningen (RESPECT), Martin Scheinin – European University Institute (SURVEILLE)


09:45 – 10:45 | Keynote on Surveillance and Democracy
Keynote speaker: Helen Nissenbaum – New York University
Panel members: Charles Raab – University of Edinburgh (IRISS), Nikolaus Forgo – Leibniz University of Hanover (RESPECT), John Mueller – Ohio State University (SURVEILLE)
Chairman: Nikolaus Forgo – Leibniz University of Hanover (RESPECT)

According to the theory of contextual integrity threats to privacy, often triggered by deployment of computing and information systems, are due to inappropriate flows of personal information, not merely to exposure of personal information, or losses of control over it. Appropriateness of flow is characterized by conformance with context-specific informational norms, which carry moral weight when they protect the well-being of individual, data subjects and promote moral and political values. Beyond both of these, ideal informational norms  promote contextual ends and values, and therethrough the integrity of social life. Surveillance practices, not necessarily problematic, must be evaluated in these terms, namely, in their impact on relevant actors as well as ethical and contextual ends and values.

10:45 – 11:15 | Coffee break

Organised by RESPECT with contributions from IRISS and SURVEILLE.

11:15 – 12:00 | Panel: Surveillance technologies in society
Principal speaker: Tony Porter – Surveillance Camera Commissioner, UK
Panel members: Michelle Cayford – Technical University Delft (SURVEILLE), William Webster – University of Stirling (IRISS)
Chairperson: Caroline Goemans-Dorny – Interpol (RESPECT)

Balancing society needs by the use of surveillance technologies

12:00 – 13:00 | Lunch break

13:00 – 14:15 | Panel: Use of technologies in society (Social Media and CCTV)
Principal speaker: Daniel Trottier – University of Westminster (RESPECT), Caroline Goemans-Dorny – Interpol (RESPECT)
Panel members: Mathias Vermeulen – Vrije Universiteit Brussel (SURVEILLE), Richard Jones – University of Edinburgh (IRISS)
Chairman: Simon Dobrisek – University of Ljubljana (RESPECT)

Security and surveillance practices are informed by a range of technologies, many of which are currently trialled and used by law enforcement, security and intelligence agencies on a global scale. These technologies, including closed-circuit television networks (CCTV) and social network monitoring and analysis systems (SNMAS) are developed in both private and public sectors. This panel will highlight key findings from the RESPECT project that consider the uptake and integration of these technologies, in particular relating to cost versus convenience, proportionality issues and privacy and data protection impact assessment.

Organised by SURVEILLE with contributions from RESPECT and IRISS.

14:15 – 15:15 | Panel: Reconciling human rights protection and security: the roles of European norms and discretion of competent national authorities in using surveillance technologies
Principal speaker: Hielke Hijmans – Vrije Universiteit Brussel
Panel members: Ivan Szekely – EKINT Budapest (IRISS), Jeanne Mifsud Bonnici – University of Groningen (RESPECT), Christiane Höhn – Adviser to the EU Counter Terrorism Coordinator
Chairperson: Francesca Galli – University of Maastricht / IEE-ULB (SURVEILLE)

In the European Union, human rights are protected at both the national and European level. While use of surveillance technologies for security purposes engages both, European norms and national legal frameworks may conflict. Such contrasts remain topical and are of interest in the development of surveillance technologies. Indeed, European institutions have an increasing focus on the potential harmonisation of the use of surveillance technologies, thus it is important to achieve clarity as to the application of protective mechanisms vis-à-vis fundamental rights. In this context, we consider whether Member States do retain a margin of appreciation. Furthermore, to what extent should the European Union further legislate on this matter?

15:15 – 15:30 | Coffee break

15:30 – 16:45 | Panel: Data retention and fundamental rights: the CJEU Judgment of 8 April 2014
Principal speaker: Paul Nemitz – Director Fundamental & Union Citizenship, EC
Panel members: Paul de Hert – Vrije Universiteit Brussel (IRISS), Erich Schweighofer – University of Vienna (RESPECT), Walter Coenraets – Director Federal Cybercrime Unit, Belgian Federal Police (*tbc), Tuomas Ojanen – University of Helsinki (SURVEILLE)
Chairman: Martin Scheinin – European University Institute (SURVEILLE)

The Data Retention Directive aimed to harmonise Member States’ provisions concerning the retention of certain data generated or processed by providers of publicly available electronic communications services or of public communications networks. In April the Court, declaring the directive invalid, took the view that by requiring the retention of data and by allowing the competent national authorities to access it, the directive breaches the fundamental rights to the respect for private life and to the protection of personal data. We consider in this panel the implications of the decision, taking into consideration that Member States adopted legislation to ensure compliance with the Directive. Discussion shall further debate how issues raised by the ruling will be resolved by European institutions and Member States.

16:45 – 18:00 | Panel: Targeted use of surveillance technologies to control individuals considered as dangerous
Principal speaker: Michele Panzavolta – University of Leuven
Panel members: Nils Zurawski – University of Hamburg (IRISS), John Guelke – University of Warwick (SURVEILLE), Antonis Samouris – Counter Terrorism Specialist / future Europol Counter Terrorism Specialist, Ilana de Wild – Human Trafficking and Child Exploitation Team, Interpol / National Police of The Netherlands
Chairman: David Wright – Trilateral Research & Consulting (IRISS)

Surveillance technologies have long been developed to prevent and investigate offences. Dealing with terrorism and organised crime, states have extended this use for security purposes more generally. Absent suspicion as a pretext for conducting surveillance of a particular individual or group, monitoring may involve a plethora of different technologies. With respect to criminal justice procedure, distinct issues arise that shall be addressed in this panel. For example, competent national authorities are using information gathered more generally against suspects, and potentially infringing their rights (gathering information may interfere with the right to data protection): practices may challenge the presumption of innocence, which has is said to have been increasingly replaced by a presumption of guilt. Further, administrative measures in the spheres of immigration and post-detention monitoring are increasingly implemented using surveillance capabilities due to the believed risk an individual represents. What is the legal basis for such activities? Are such measures as implemented in compliance with human rights standards?

18:00 – 18:30 | Drinks

18:30 – 20:30 | Conference Dinner at the Venue