DEMOSEC Day 2


Thu, 30 October 2014


08:30 – 09:00 | Registration


PART 4. PANELS ON THE LEGAL ASPECTS OF SURVEILLANCE
(continuing)

9:00 – 10:30 | Panel: The role of Law Enforcement Agencies in Surveillance
Principal speaker: Christian Karam – Digital Crime Officer, Interpol
Panel members: Francesca Galli – University of Maastricht / IEE-ULB (SURVEILLE), Gemma Galdon Clavell – University of Barcelona (IRISS / RESPECT), Ilana de Wild – Human Trafficking and Child Exploitation Team, Interpol / National Police of The Netherlands
Chairman: Edward Beaman – University of Central Lancashire (RESPECT)

Crime trends have rapidly evolved during the last twenty years mainly due to the fact that criminal innovation pools its resources directly from the society and is able to flexibly adapt to technological changes with little legal restriction implemented. Moreover new technologies enable and facilitate the perpetration of criminal acts and as a consequence law enforcement agencies need to step up the level of appropriate tools to combat those crimes with a view to protect the security of citizens. This panel will discuss challenges that law enforcement agencies are currently facing.

10:30 – 10:45 | Coffee break


PART 5. PANELS ON THE SOCIAL IMPLICATIONS OF SURVEILLANCE
Organised by IRISS with contributions from RESPECT and SURVEILLE.

10:45 – 12:00 | Panel: Surveillance, Resilience and Democracy
Principal speaker: Kirstie Ball – Open University (IRISS)
Panel members: Simon Chesterman – National University of Singapore (National University of Singapore), Roger Clarke – Advisory Board (IRISS), Christian Hawellek – Leibniz University of Hanover (RESPECT)
Chairman: Roger Clarke – Advisory Board (IRISS)

This talk examines the troublesome relationship between surveillance and democracy in Europe. Through a detailed empirical examination of three surveillance practices across Europe – ANPR, Credit Scoring and Neighbourhood Watch –  it highlights, explores and theorises this relationship. The talk’s basic theoretical premise is that while surveillance practices can be deployed to counter threats and risks and to prevent harm occurring, they also create potentially harmful consequences.  The reliance of surveillance practices on proprietary information infrastructures can make surveillance processes intransparent and unaccountable to democratic scrutiny in cases where harms occur. It is argued that the traditional venues of democracy, where citizens and institutions engage, participate in debate and create governance structures, cannot be mobilised without widespread awareness of the harms and consequences of surveillance practices by both citizens and institutions. This awareness is lacking in most cases. The talk also reveals the deep historical, social, political and legal antecedents of the current state of affairs.

12:00 – 13:00 | Lunch break

12:45 – 14:00 | Panel: The Intersection of Surveillance with Citizen’s Rights
Principal speakers: Clive Norris – University of Sheffield (IRISS), Xavier L’Hoiry – University of Sheffield (IRISS)
Panel members: Antonella Galetta – Vrije Universiteit Brussel (IRISS), Claudia Colonnello – Laboratory of Citizenship Sciences (RESPECT), John Mueller – Ohio State University
Chairman: Ivan Szekely – EKINT Budapest (IRISS)

In the context of surveillance and democracy, the principles of consent, subject access and accountability are at the heart of the relationship between the citizen and the information gatherers. The individual data subject has the right to at least know what data is being collected about them and by whom, how it is being processed and to whom it is disclosed. Furthermore, they have rights to inspect the data, to ensure that it is accurate and to complain if they so wish to an independent supervisory authority who can investigate on their behalf.
This panel will present the results of our multi-partner project on surveillance and democracy as part of the IRISS project. In particular, we have focused upon the ability of citizens to exercise their democratic right of access to their personal data. Together with ten partner institutions, we conceptualised a research approach involving auto-ethnographic methods which sought to ‘test’ how easy or difficult it is for citizens to access their personal data by submitting subject access requests to a range of local, national and supranational institutions across both public and private sectors. We will present the overall findings of the ten country study and consider the strategies used by those who hold our personal data to facilitate or deny us access to what they know about us and how they process it.

14:00 – 15:30 | Panel:  Citizens attitudes towards surveillance
Principal speaker: Chiara Fonio – Catholic University of Milan (IRISS)
Panel members: Noellie Brockdorff – University of Malta (RESPECT), Sandra Appleby-Arnold – University of Malta (RESPECT), Elisa Orru – University of Freiburg (SURVEILLE)
Chairman: Reinhard Kreissl – Institute for the Sociology of Law and Criminology (IRISS)

The IRISS project Working Package 4 (WP4) has been devoted to collecting citizens’ views on surveillance through both interviews and informed debates on the topic. This presentation focuses on the everyday experience of European citizens in five countries: Austria, Germany, Italy, Slovakia and United Kingdom. Emphasis is given on how they perceive their status of being techno-social hybrids and how technology affects their daily lives when they  e.g.  shop, share information on social networks, are “watched” in the workplace or actively engage in security. The core of the analysis is the variety of situations that citizens deal, comply, negotiate with and/or resist, pertaining to the pervasiveness of technology and control.

15:30 – 15:45 | Coffee break



PART 6. POLICY BRIEF

15:45 – 17:00 | Joint Policy Brief
Principal speakers: Reinhard Kreissl – Institute for the Sociology of Law and Criminology (IRISS), Joe Cannataci – University of Groningen (RESPECT), Martin Scheinin – European University Institute (SURVEILLE)
Panel members: David Wright – Trilateral Research & Consulting (IRISS), Maria Angela Biasiotti – National Research Council / ITTIG (RESPECT), Simon Chesterman – National University of Singapore (SURVEILLE)
Chairman: Bogdan Manolea – ApTI / RESPECT EAG

17:00 – 17:15 | Closing Remarks